While you may not be able to prevent fibromyalgia muscle spasms all together, you can learn to recognize them and minimize their occurrence.
It’s important to differentiate between muscle spasms, twitches, and cramps. A cramp occurs when a muscle contracts and doesn’t relax, producing consistent pain that can last for short or long periods of time. A twitch occurs when a single fiber or small portion of a muscle contracts repeatedly, producing a fluttering sensation that is felt and sometimes seen under the skin. In most cases, twitches are more annoying than painful.
Muscle spasms occur when an entire muscle contracts and releases repeatedly. It shares elements of cramping and twitching but is entirely different. For many fibromyalgia patients, these spasms occur at unpredictable moments and can strike any muscle in the body without an obvious cause. They often produce a significant amount of pain and may impact a large area of the body, including the legs and the back. This is one way of differentiating them from twitches that impact smaller areas of the body.
Perhaps the most devastating fibromyalgia muscle spasms are those that impact muscles in the neck. This often leads to intense headaches that characteristically impact only one side of the head, although the pain can radiate around the entire head and into the face. The pain may extend down to the upper back, and some people experience nausea as the spasms continue. These symptoms of fibromyalgia will often interrupt daily life, leading to complications at work and inconveniences in your home life. (Learn more about fibromyalgia headaches article here.)
The other common area for fibromyalgia muscle spasms is around the leg muscles from the long sartorius muscle in the upper leg to the calves and even into the ankles and feet. This is one area where I often caution people about stretching first thing in the morning. You see, the body is less hydrated, less flexible and more prone to early morning spasms. It might also happen that you cannot control the urge to stretch, and you find your muscles going into spasm without you even knowing, that is until the extreme pain occurs!!
So we know that fibromyalgia can be pretty unpredictable at times with many different symptoms. Yet, we also know that there are some variables that we need to address when it comes to prevention of muscle spasms in any area of the body. It's not just about mineral intake but absorption as well. Not everyone tolerates various forms of oral magnesium, so it is best to experiment and use topical forms of magnesium OR a combination to find what works best for you. (see link to magnesium article below)
The muscles can also start contracting due to inadequate blood flow. This is one reason that we recommend fibromyalgia sufferers get some form of safe and effective exercise in regularly to the best of their ability. This is a great way to keep your blood circulating efficiently, but it can also help with fatigue, depression, and many other symptoms of fibromyalgia.
There is no proof that you can prevent muscle spasms all together, but building muscle tone, stretching gently, and keeping your body in good condition through cardio exercise will at least ensure that your muscles have a better fighting chance to avoid spasms and even trigger point pain. If you do still experience muscle spasms, there are other treatment options to help you get over the pain and discomfort. Follow me on the fitness page, Fibro Fit People for ongoing suggestions and support.
Pain medication isn’t the first course of treatment recommended for muscle spasms. Immediate treatments often include relaxing in a warm bath to soothe the muscles (add magnesium salts, regular salt and even a small amount of ginger powder to the bath) If you get massage therapy, be sure to tell your massage practitioner that you’re experiencing muscle spasms so that they don’t apply too much pressure and make the situation worse.
You may want to see a physical therapist to learn stretching techniques that are effective at relieving spasms quickly. You may also learn how to massage the spasm yourself, eliminating the need to rush off to a professional. Fibromyalgia muscle spasms can be equal opportunity, meaning they can occur anywhere on the body. If you have nerve pain, you may notice they occur more often when nerve pain is heightened.
your muscle spasms produce extreme pain, last for long periods of time,
or occur continually, you may need to consider any of the above
options. If dehydration or lack of mineral absorption becomes an issue,
be sure that you are not experiencing a side effect from a medication
you might be taking.
We also find that trigger points which can occur just about anywhere on the body, can also be related to muscle spasms. What happens when a trigger point plays havoc in your muscle? Well, it makes the muscle unable to properly activate, causing more pain and stiffness, potentially leading to muscle spasms.